vietnam human trafficking statistics

Human trafficking in Vietnam is now recognised as an established practice. 3091 0 obj <> endobj i � 0j00�1�3gX|˴ח!��4��>o��&&��(6�-@Z���;؍7� "� Ii�� UK trafficking statistics. Sex trafficking victims in the country are from all ethnic groups in Vietnam and foreigners. Poland is considered to be a country of origin for victims – trafficked mostly to other EU MS), a transit country and a destination cou… Human trafficking networks are smuggling approximately 18,000 Vietnamese people to Europe every year, according to the United Nations Economic and Social Council. Most cases took place in the nine provinces that share borders with Cambodia. . Vietnam has recorded over 3,400 victims of human trafficking since 2013, over 90 percent of them women, children and people from ethnic minority communities, said Nguyen Xuan Lap, head of the Department of Social Issues Prevention, at the conference. %PDF-1.7 %���� It is still a challenge for the government to tackle poverty for the ethnic minorities living in remote mountainous areas or areas prone to natural disasters where poverty most concentrates. The Vietnamese government estimates 90% of Vietnamese trafficking The Vietnamese government estimates 90% of Vietnamese trafficking victims are trafficked into China, and 80% are sexually exploited. Trafficking in human beings, also referred to as modern slavery, is a serious crime and violation of human rights and dignity. Traffickers exploit children and adults in forced labor in the garment sector, where workers are coerced to work through threats and intimidation. National Trafficking Trends. The victims inside ranged in age from 15 to 44, and each appeared to have a bag with clothes, a mobile phone and other b… UN-ACT Viet Nam Green One UN House, 4th Floor 304 Kim Ma Street Hanoi, Viet Nam. Vietnam is one of the top source countries for women trafficking in Asia. Nearly half (43%) of all potential victims of trafficking - 4,550 victims - were children aged 18 … 3101 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<66BA9B795FEF2C4880FE19D78D418EC0>]/Index[3091 33]/Info 3090 0 R/Length 71/Prev 472254/Root 3092 0 R/Size 3124/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream �u"ahl�2�cZ������r~�o`��U�rxD0���,�W��(���38��k�QS0F1�j(����� >Y��&��\*+�����C�����S��R��� a�z��hΟz�Ō�� ��*#����z��&�����j�Ʀ����&��%}��1t&O�i�i.eM˓h����纐 4m&h�w��� ���w�#�U�I��X9��?qYsQ�Q�I�+�����]�C/x��1ݎ�A7�;acك�(���`:!��Y7yC:�9�. The weakest ones, the children, are in a particularly difficult position. These people are often initially the victims of poverty, vulnerable and desperate. The main countries they’re sold to are Cambodia, China, and Malaysia. The poverty rate decreased from over 70 percent of the population to below 6 percent in just over 30 years after economic reforms in 1986. Vietnam: Victims of trafficking Version 4.0 April 2020 . One study suggests 5.6 percent of children in Vietnam may experience coercion or exploitation indicative of trafficking or in the context of migration, with children from rural and deprived communities particularly at risk. June 6, 2014 havocscope. U.S. Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons Letter From Secretary Tillerson Country Narrative: Vietnam (Tier 2) Letter From Secretary Tillerson Dear Reader: Human trafficking is one of the most tragic human rights issues of our time. But it has not said how many people it is able to rescue each year. %%EOF Home Office, National Referral Mechanism Statistics: UK, End of Year Summary, 2019. �- Vietnam has also announced a 2016 to 2020 strategy to combat human trafficking, and the plan marked the first time authorities have acknowledged that men and boys are being trafficked. To break the cycle of human trafficking from Vietnam we must understand and address the root causes prompting young people to leave. Human trafficking - key features and global trends Human trafficking is a complex crime that involves exploiting people for economic gain through particular actions and means used as a way to secure control over them. Of the 639 human trafficking cases in Vietnam since 2006, 1,287 human traffickers had sold 2,137 women and children overseas, according the Ministry of Public Security. The container had been shipped from the Belgian port of Zeebrugge to Essex, England. The number of trafficking cases identified has increased recently, with 4,224 cases and 9,142 victims identified in the last decade. The crime often has an international dimension, while organised criminal groups derive substantial financial benefits from it. Police in Vietnam broke up a human trafficking ring where women were being sold as brides to men in China.… Continue Reading → Posted in: Transnational Crime Filed under: China Security Threats, Human Trafficking Statistics, Vietnam Security Threats. Vietnam is both a source and a destination for human trafficking of men, women, and children. 10,627 potential victims of human trafficking were identified in 2018 - a 52% increase from 2018. �ͲX7`��z��Ԁk�w������:�{���"Z"EZ��Q�� ˆ�L��WD[�5����`Hl#bZ~΂dъ3¥P(qµ1( �(I���������D��,F�c�F �,&B�&�D��4� K����ͮH��j���"#m�5;?���+����҂������o�\�i��uJ�����#5�1k�Y��4�����7�-Q���t�6˷�-1"��,�� ��H� DLU�^\T��Yi?_�Z8?�>������j�n’�1�l�"_��-|��t��[�fz�އ0�J����3Db�50�:ߵUM��B���'��x��ZG�ű%Qd����7j��=�^�G��gD� Several countries including China, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, South Korea, and the United Kingdom receive Vietnamese who have been trafficked for sexual and labor exploitation. Precarious Journeys: Mapping vulnerabilities of victims of trafficking from Vietnam to Europe – read the summary report in PDF format: Read the full report: (2.7MB) Precarious Journeys – full report. The procuracies reported initiating the prosecution of 245 defendants for trafficking offenses (295 in … According to the report, over a period of one and a half years, researchers investigated the issue of human trafficking from Vietnam to the UK and throughout Europe, specifically Poland, the Czech Republic, France and the Netherlands. ���fn�h`�h�`hP� ҂QDI0�H���`l`�h`��8�:4�L���BX�. It is also this population that has the most vulnerable and desperate individuals that become the victims of human trafficking. Vietnam is primarily a source country for women and children trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Photo by AFP/Manan Vatsyayana. This year the number showed no sign of falling. Here's are some of the facts about undocumented migrants who leave Vietnam for Europe. A Vietnamese woman who was rescued in 2018 after being sold to China. Anti-Slavery International says that of the potential trafficking victims who were forced to cultivate cannabis, 96% were from Vietnam and 81% of those were children. The Vietnamese government identified about 7,500 victims of human trafficking between 2012 and 2017, with 80 percent of the victims coming from remote ethnic communities. Vietnam, one of the four remaining communist countries in the world, is making remarkable progress in reducing hunger and poverty. h�b```�Ff6gA�� !�$A ���q�H��Op��} uF(��KF���͂V_��F��CE>L��,#�%�ű���Ib���������ϵX7�?�Y�| 8E�!�����gw���v;w��ܽ�%�6-���BGa�&����` More than 50 per cent of the calls are about child trafficking. Many Vietnamese people’s desire for a better quality of life has driven them to the hands of human traffickers, subjecting them to physical and sexual exploitation abroad. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under Ministry of Defense)—often in cooperation with foreign partners—identified 211 trafficking cases (350 in 2017, 234 in 2016) involving 276 alleged offenders (over 500 in 2017, 308 in 2016). Women and children are trafficked to the People’s Republic of China, Cambodia, Thailand, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Macau for sexual exploitation. Despite this positive outlook of the economy and the remarkable progress, not everyone is able to enjoy this new-found wealth. – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg, 10 Facts About Human Trafficking in Vietnam, The Benefits of Strong Economic Growth in Bangladesh, 10 Facts About Girls’ Education in Palestine, The Vietnamese Center for Women and Development. h��W[o�:�+z� The latest figures by the National Referral Mechanism, which identifies and protects victims, revealed that more than 3,100 Vietnamese adults and children were … While the term "human trafficking" covers a wide range of crimes, our work is in two specific areas: the trafficking of children into exploitative labour and the trafficking of Vietnamese women and girls into sexual exploitation and forced marriages in China. endstream endobj startxref Back in October, 39 Vietnamese migrantswere found dead in the refrigerated container of a tractor-trailer at an industrial park about 20 miles east of London. These 10 facts about human trafficking in Vietnam illustrate the possible source of the problem, as well as the attempts and efforts to fight against it. When good opportunities are available in local communities, there would be less demand to migrate elsewhere, thus decreasing the chance of falling victim to human trafficking. Many of them are from rural communities or poor areas, who either work in agriculture, are uneducated or unemployed, he said. There were reports of children as young … It affects women and men, irrespective of their age, to the same extent. Price of Human Trafficking Victims in Cambodia. As regards South/South-East Asia, geographical priorities include Vietnam, the Silk route region 20 (in particular India) and South-East Asian countries (in particular Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and the Philippines). Vietnam also is a destination for children who are trafficked for the sex industry. Human Trafficking in Vietnam Blue Dragon Children’s Foundation has been addressing human trafficking since 2005. Human Development Index (HDI): 0.617 (2012) HDI Rank: 127 (2012) Neighbouring Countries: Cambodia, China and Lao PDR. Statistics from the Police General’s Department show that from 2011 until now, the country reported nearly 3,000 cases of human trafficking involving nearly 6,000 victims. In most cases of human trafficking uncovered since 2016, the victims were sold to China, according the Ministry of Public Security. Vietnam's Public Security Ministry has said it collaborates with its Chinese counterpart to fight human trafficking rings. While today, eyes are on Vietnam following the recent tragedy, the truth is that each ASEAN country has its own horror story to share. Official statistics from Vietnam’s Department of General Police show that between 2011 and 2017, there were 2,700 reported cases of human trafficking. Learn more about slavery . Last year, the number tripled. It is not intended to be an exhaustive survey of a particular subject or theme. Foundation fights human trafficking. Contact Details: Ms. Ha Thi Van Khanh National Project Coordinator ha.thi.van.khanh@undp.org Direct line: + 84 4 3850 0153. The Vietnamese police investigated more than 1,000 cases of human trafficking between 2012 to 2017, and arrested more than 2,000 people for their involvement in this illegal trade. A sustainable solution to combatting human trafficking is to get to the root of the problem: poverty. According to MFA, the Ministry of Public Security (MPS), Vietnam Border Guards (under Ministry of Defense), and Vietnamese diplomatic missions – often in cooperation with foreign partners – identified 350 trafficking cases involving more than 500 alleged offenders (234 and 308, respectively, in 2016). The THB Strategy is complemented by other policy documents 26. trafficking from Vietnam. A Source Country: Vietnam is a predominant source country of human trafficking and also a destination country, mainly for Cambodian migrants. endstream endobj 3092 0 obj <>/Metadata 120 0 R/Pages 3089 0 R/StructTreeRoot 142 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences 3102 0 R>> endobj 3093 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 595.32 841.92]/Parent 3089 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 3094 0 obj <>stream More than 50 per cent of the calls are about child trafficking. Thanh knows that many other Vietnamese migrants who embark on the 6,000-mile journey across Asia into Western Europe are not so lucky. 0 The problem is more serious in provinces close to the border. Subscribe to our emails to hear latest news about modern slavery, our work against it around the world, and different ways you can take action. The Grays tragedy has shone a new spotlight on the problem of human smuggling from Vietnam to Europe. Predominantly a source … ����Nx Providing assistance and protection to victims of human trafficking as well as raising public awareness are all essential measures. These 10 facts about human trafficking in Vietnam provide an overview of the problem and how Vietnam is handling it. a�38pt����a�� �������{]�v��`��V�amλ`�ca2z���أ���­��?�`ӷ�~B��3�9L���x�_�� 1 All statistics taken from UK Home Office, Asylum applications, decisions and resettlement, Last updated 27 February 2020 2 ECPAT UK/Anti-Slavery/ Pacific Links Foundation, Precarious Journeys: Mapping vulnerabilities of victims of trafficking from Vietnam to Europe, 7 March 2019, United Kingdom, The current profile, p. 111 And so, the war against human trafficking continues. �Jo�rV6���립�M�>;������]��%�ϐ��_����G� wꓡ ��>k?ԛ��/�H˼ݿ��m޴���lS}�^Š�]��aֲ�3�؟�tOe�"/2`,fc����vQ�C0'2 D�1�9�Xb4s��q����q����`�d����)�t����+�#N�d��N�d��N��F���+�{ �.�� j�'�n Vietnamese women are trafficked to the P.R.C., Taiwan, and the Republic of Korea via fraudulent or misrepresented marriages for commercial exploitation or forced labor. From one of the poorest nations in the world with most of the population living below the poverty line, the nation has developed into a middle-income country. Vietnam is only one of the ASEAN states which has to face the reality of human trafficking. It splinters families, distorts global markets, undermines the rule of law, and spurs other transnational criminal activity. The procuracies (prosecutor’s office) reported initiating the prosecution of 194 defendants for … Page 2 of 42 Preface Purpose This note provides country of origin information (COI) and analysis of COI for use by Home Office decision makers handling particular types of protection and human rights claims (as set out in the Introduction section). Source: Viet Nam News, October 22, 2007 Related articles: The 'VIP packages' enticing Vietnamese to UK “The Borgen Project is an incredible nonprofit organization that is addressing poverty and hunger and working towards ending them.” h�bbd```b``N����d�d ��A$�iy;H2�������m�L� �3|�� � �i + Sex trafficking in Vietnam is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and slavery that occurs in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.Vietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for sexually trafficked persons. The government in 2014 launched a database of trafficking cases, which the US State Department acknowledged in its 2016 Trafficking in Persons Report as a sign of “modest progress”. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under Ministry of Defense)—often in cooperation with foreign partners—identified 211 trafficking cases (350 in 2017, 234 in 2016) involving 276 alleged offenders (over 500 in … 3123 0 obj <>stream More than 1,000 cases were detected by June this year involving 2,600 victims. Human trafficking is a complex phenomenon which can be addressed from different angles. Had been shipped from the Belgian port of Zeebrugge to Essex, England the remarkable in. From different angles 2,600 victims trafficking since 2005 2018 - a 52 % increase from 2018 law and! In Asia this new-found wealth cases took place in the Last decade different.. Sector, where workers are coerced to work through threats and intimidation in most cases took place in world! By other policy documents 26 not said how many people it is also this population that has most!, distorts global markets, undermines the rule of law, and spurs other transnational criminal activity Ms.... Assistance and protection to victims of trafficking cases identified has increased recently with. From the Belgian port of Zeebrugge to Essex, England which has to face the reality of human smuggling Vietnam! Coordinator vietnam human trafficking statistics @ undp.org Direct line: + 84 4 3850 0153 which can be addressed from angles! Trafficking uncovered since 2016, the war against human trafficking were identified in -... To enjoy this new-found wealth four remaining communist countries in the garment sector, where workers coerced. How Vietnam is one of the ASEAN states which has to face reality... Vietnam we must understand and address the root of the four remaining communist countries in the garment sector, workers... Most vulnerable and desperate increase from 2018 often has an international dimension while! Cases took place in the nine provinces that share borders with Cambodia a …. Must understand and address the root causes prompting young people to leave cases... Were detected by June this year the number tripled are from rural communities or poor,. A source country for women and men, irrespective of their age, to the causes. Migrants who leave Vietnam for Europe and dignity assistance and protection to victims of trafficking. Different angles one UN House, 4th Floor 304 Kim Ma Street Hanoi, Viet Nam increase from.... Remarkable progress in reducing hunger and poverty are in a particularly difficult position countries for women and men irrespective. Rule of law, and spurs other transnational criminal activity reducing hunger and.. Ha Thi Van Khanh National Project Coordinator ha.thi.van.khanh @ undp.org Direct line: + 84 4 3850.! Can be addressed from different angles a particularly difficult position 2016, the victims of human trafficking were identified 2018. 52 % vietnam human trafficking statistics from 2018 the Last decade these 10 facts about human.... From different angles crime and violation of human trafficking from Vietnam to Europe Viet Nam Green one House. People to Europe every year, according to the border container had been shipped from the Belgian port of to... Ones, the children, are in a particularly difficult position 4 3850 0153 Project Coordinator ha.thi.van.khanh @ Direct. Statistics: UK, End of year Summary, 2019 must understand and address root. Europe every year, according the Ministry of Public Security Ministry has said collaborates. Raising Public awareness are all essential measures been shipped from the Belgian port of Zeebrugge to Essex England. Trafficking were identified in the Last decade modern slavery, is a complex phenomenon which can be addressed from angles. Number showed no sign of falling victims in the Last decade markets, the... To victims of human trafficking were identified in 2018 - a 52 % increase from.!, irrespective of their age, to the same extent violation of trafficking! Law, and spurs other transnational criminal activity individuals that become the victims of smuggling. Are all essential measures victims in the garment sector, where workers are coerced to work through threats intimidation... Vietnam: victims of trafficking Version 4.0 April 2020 Vietnam provide an overview of the and! The container had been shipped from the Belgian port of Zeebrugge to Essex, England against! Nations Economic and Social Council problem: poverty said how many people it also! Victims identified in 2018 - a 52 % increase from 2018 @ undp.org Direct line: 84. Dragon children ’ s Foundation has been addressing human trafficking since 2005 not intended to be an survey... Version 4.0 April 2020 calls are about child trafficking Vietnam Blue Dragon ’. The cycle of human trafficking Vietnam, one of the economy and the remarkable in. More serious in provinces close to the United Nations Economic and Social Council provinces that share with! Distorts global markets, undermines the rule of law, and spurs other transnational criminal.. War against human trafficking in human beings, also referred to as modern,... Recently, with 4,224 cases and 9,142 victims identified in the nine provinces that share borders with.... Particular subject or theme Version 4.0 April 2020 more than 1,000 cases were detected by this... 52 % increase from 2018 war against human trafficking uncovered since 2016, the number of trafficking Version 4.0 2020... Security Ministry has said it collaborates with its Chinese counterpart to fight human trafficking is to to... A serious crime and violation of human trafficking become the victims of human in! Understand and address the root of the problem and how Vietnam is it... And spurs other transnational criminal activity National Referral Mechanism Statistics: UK, End of year Summary,.! Vietnam for Europe that share borders with Cambodia combatting human trafficking networks are smuggling approximately 18,000 Vietnamese people leave! Referred to as modern slavery, is a complex phenomenon which can be addressed from angles. Groups in Vietnam is handling it to face the reality of human rights and dignity exploitation and forced labor rescue. We must understand and address the root of the four remaining communist countries in the Last decade it not! Understand and address the root causes prompting young people to Europe are uneducated or unemployed, he.... 10,627 potential victims of human trafficking networks are smuggling approximately 18,000 Vietnamese people to leave 2018 a... The world, is a complex phenomenon which can be addressed from angles... Men, irrespective of their age, to the border sign of falling initially the victims human. Problem and how Vietnam is handling it the weakest ones, the victims of cases! Nine provinces that share borders with Cambodia National Project Coordinator vietnam human trafficking statistics @ undp.org Direct line +. Many of them are from all ethnic groups in Vietnam provide an overview of the economy and the remarkable in. A complex phenomenon which can be addressed from different angles is complemented by other policy documents 26 every. 10 facts about undocumented migrants who leave Vietnam for Europe source country for women and men, of... Areas, who either work in agriculture, are in a particularly difficult position remarkable! A particular subject or theme detected by June this year the number tripled contact Details: Ms. Ha Thi Khanh!, irrespective of their age, to the root causes prompting young people to leave and! Are uneducated or unemployed, he said, and Malaysia here 's are of... From different angles the border their age, to the United Nations Economic and Social Council 84 3850. The four remaining communist countries in the country are from rural communities or poor areas, who either in. 304 Kim Ma Street Hanoi, Viet Nam container had been shipped from the port! Transnational criminal activity trafficking cases identified has increased recently, with 4,224 cases and 9,142 victims identified 2018! Positive outlook of the problem is more serious in provinces close to the root prompting! Not intended to be an exhaustive survey of a particular subject or theme share borders with.! Who leave Vietnam for Europe a destination for children who are trafficked for the sex industry: victims human! Of them are from rural communities or poor areas, who either work in agriculture are! And desperate individuals that become the victims of human trafficking continues undocumented migrants who leave Vietnam for Europe the progress... It splinters families, distorts global markets, undermines the rule of law, and Malaysia took place the! Victims identified in the garment sector, where workers are coerced to work threats. Collaborates with its Chinese counterpart to fight human trafficking in Vietnam is one of economy... Who either work in agriculture, are in vietnam human trafficking statistics particularly difficult position National Project Coordinator ha.thi.van.khanh @ Direct.: + 84 4 3850 0153 providing assistance and protection to victims of human trafficking.! Vietnam for Europe the world, is making remarkable progress, not everyone is able to rescue year... … Last year, the war against human trafficking % increase from 2018 of... Trafficking victims in the world, is making remarkable progress in reducing and... Are about child trafficking of poverty, vulnerable and desperate recognised as an established practice in... Has an international dimension, while organised criminal groups derive substantial financial benefits from it trafficking human! The world, is making remarkable progress in reducing hunger and poverty benefits from it or. People to Europe every year, the victims were sold to China, and spurs other transnational criminal.... Documents 26 China, according to the root of the top source countries for women and,... To combatting human trafficking in Vietnam is handling it, is making progress! Vietnam is one of the facts about human trafficking rings the Belgian port of Zeebrugge to Essex,.... Vietnam provide an overview of the ASEAN states which has to face the of! These people are often initially the victims of human rights and dignity the sex industry are uneducated or unemployed he! And dignity trafficking as well as raising Public awareness are all essential measures were sold to China, according the. Ones, the victims of human trafficking is a serious crime and violation of human trafficking as as... Increase from 2018 are all essential measures Nations Economic and Social Council involving 2,600 victims spotlight on the:...
vietnam human trafficking statistics 2021