Correction: Check all suspension components for wear and replace as necessary and/or perform four wheel alignment. The camber angle identifies how far the tire slants away from vertical when viewed directly … Cross Camber Tire Tech Information - Diagnosing Tire Pull …faster than the tire on the right side of the same axle. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Correction: Check and align the rear axle or rear toe by performing a four wheel alignment. In an event where a driver loses control of the car, cross-caster will result in a drift towards the side of the road instead of oncoming traffic. Some manufactures now specify this value. That's what left of your pull. 50-foot, 15 m, range allows for faster installations with fewer pulls. I'm sure there are a gazillion sites which talk about the effects of cross-caster. What is the definition of positive and negative total toe? The caster being more positive on the right (remember we drive on the left) combined with the camber of the road should have caused it to pull hard left, but it drives straight ! Cross camber is the difference in camber from one side to the other, if each wheel is itself correctly in tolerance, but at opposite ends of the scale, then the cross camber will be high and might need attention. (-.7 to 0.7 normal) Cross caster 1.5. Too much cross-caster can make a vehicle pull or lead towards the side that has the least (negative) caster. How much cross caster does it take to cause a vehicle to drift or pull? If one wheel has more positive caster than the other, that wheel will pull toward the center of the vehicle. Caster is hard to measure directly with any accuracy, but is easily calculated by modern alignment equipment. Classifieds - Engine/Transmission/Transfer Case, BJ42 | FJ43 | BJ44 | FJ45 | FJ45LV | HJ47, North American Clubhouses - Central Region, CA.AB- Rocky Mountain Land Cruiser Association, CO/WY- Horsetooth 4 Wheelers Cruiser Club, TX- Lone Star Land Cruisers - Austin Chapter, TX- The White Trash of the Elwood Chapter, CA.BC- Okanagan-Similkameen Land Cruisers, NV- Battle Born Cruisers of Northern Nevada, Looking for some help reading a suspension diagnostic printout, Not enough caster...ICON stage 3 kit/ 1 year Review. Following that procedure should reveal the problem. Does incorrect caster cause pull? The cross camber was – 0.9. Front Right Camber: -1.1 to 0.1Front Cross Caster: -0.8 to 0.4 Front Cross Camber: -0.6 to 0.6 GMC Mechanic: Gary , ASE Certified Technician replied 4 years ago this type is issue can be if the caster or camber is just on the outer spec or a few will do this with dirty transfer case fluid as the clutches would be chattering causing this Too much cross-caster can make a vehicle pull or lead towards the side that has the least (negative) caster. The chart indicates that the vehicle has excessive camber on the RF wheel. 2,3 caster 0.03 toe. Get Your Car Aligned - NW Houston, TX Area Do you have a bent trailing arm in the rear or a bad bushing?? Toe will also affect your pull, but I don't see it off enough to cause a PS pull. It is the inward or outward tilt of the wheel as viewed from the front of the vehicle. They provide specifications for static camber in a range of degrees. (-1.0 to 1.0 normal) Total toe. When the vehicle is in motion, the static alignment settings will change. Meaning your rear diff could be pointed in the wrong direction. Excessive Cross Caster can cause the vehicle to pull to the side with the least positive caster. Caster may cause a "drift" in one dirrection or another, but rarely a pull. The underlying cause may be a bent strut, spindle or mislocated strut tower. You can fit 33x12.50s on stock suspension, and stock wheels. The amount of tilt is measured in degrees from the vertical and is called the camber angle. If rotating the tires side-to-side reverses the direction of the pull than the tires need to be replaced. Your rear thrust angle was .28 out. part of this could be because the L/F camber is more neg than the R/F, but i have done a lot of wheel alignments over time and i usually find that caster needs to be 1.5 degrees more + or - on one side to become an issue at all. For Plastic Manufactures: ship 7 cartons or under 200 lbs via UPS collect. 0.02. Should be on your printout. Is there a thread detailing how this is done? How bad is the pull? "Steady pull" is when the vehicle continually pulls or drifts to one side when traveling straight. Newb question: What exactly are you tightening. On a crowned road, this will help pull away from the slope of the road. If I'm not explaining it well, a search will probably do a better job. Cross Camber. This is the static camber specification and we use it to achieve dynamic camber. Your toe on the other hand is off, and is the reason for you pull. Causes: Brake caliper sticking, overfilled brake master cylinder (does not allow caliper pistons to retract when brakes are released), misadjusted drum brakes or parking brakes. All the above was witching spec in the green. Shoot a dart with an attached string up to 50 feet. This site uses cookies to help personalise content, tailor your experience and to keep you logged in if you register. Camber is a tire wearing angle. Get some fresh numbers and see what comes up. A steering wheel pulling to one side is a problem that forces you to maintain constant pressure on the steering wheel to maintain control of your vehicle. What is your thrust angle?? Does Your Vehicle Pull to One Side While Driving? Caster Connection, Inc. 2380 International Street Columbus, Ohio 43228 Phone: (800) 544-8978 Fax: (888) 852-7202 Office Hours of Operation 8am-5pm … Search California's white pages to look up people, addresses, phone numbers and more. Cross Caster is the difference between the left caster value and the right caster value. I recently purchased a 92 TLC, formerly a one-owner mommy-mobile with 150K miles that had never been off road. If one wheel has more positive caster than the other, that wheel will pull toward the center of the vehicle. These slight side-to-side differences are called cross-camber and cross-caster. If camber is out, I recommend going for the full alignment. Your toe on the other hand is off, and is the reason for you pull. Causes: A bent strut or spindle, a collapsed control arm bushing, worn steering and/or suspension components or a shifted cross-member or engine cradle. This condition will cause the vehicle to pull or lead to the side with the least amount of positive caster. This is UP TO A POINT. Keep in mind the influence that SAI has on vehicle tracking, and be aware that high SAI will cause cross caster to be less effective than cross camber for correcting drift issues. But gary, are his tires not both pointed PS? Correct by replacing damaged part, correcting location of strut tower, and/or reducing cross-caster to half a degree or less by resetting caster to specifications. The car will tend, as a general rule, to pull to the side with the least negative or most positive … Cross-caster has a different rate of caster and camber on each side, for safety reasons. It may not display this or other websites correctly. The pull is constant to one side and may get worse when appling the brakes. If those numbers are still good, I would look into a drag issue on one side. How Often Should You Rotate Your Tires & Why? The underlying cause may be a bent strut, spindle or mislocated strut tower. 7yrs is a long time, take it in for an alignment. Here are the reading Left front. You must log in or register to reply here. Yes, it causes pull to the side with the LEAST positive caster. Know for sure that you are supplying parts that meet MIL-SPEC call outs for material, hardness, plating, testing and certification. The Greenlee cable caster takes running wire to a whole new level. They should! (Revised July, 2016) Up to 4 cartons and 200 lbs or less: Ship UPS “Collect” on WCL account #915-985. More caster harder to turn the wheel. Correction: Readjust or repair brakes as required. Contact Information. "Had to do the quick & dirty for now (tightened both with the 10lbs/47lb trick)". Alignments, 10 Signs When To Walk Away From Purchasing Used Vehicle, Consumers Guide to Choosing Auto Repair Shop. Looking at those numbers, I don't see a big enough difference in caster to cause a pull. We set wheel alignment to static settings. You can fit 33x12.50s on stock suspension, and stock wheels. You can try rotating factory shims slightly, but while usually fixing camber, you will probably create a cross caster making the truck pull to one side while driving down a level load with little or no crown. If a vehicle has a pulling problem, the alignment should be checked (including cross camber, cross caster and thrust angle settings). 5 Toe and Related Geometry Worksheet . … Does it correct itself when the brakes are applied? If one side of the tread is worn more than the other, the most common causes are: Incorrect camber, toe and/or failure to rotate the tires periodically to even out wear. Mismatched tires side-to-side: The vehicle will pull towards the side that offers the greatest rolling resistance. Raise the vehicle and spin each wheel by hand to check for excessive drag. Too much cross-caster can make a vehicle pull or lead towards the side that has the least (negative) caster. This is what happens when you have caster on the passenger side at 1 degree and two and a half degrees caster on the driver side. Thi… Bright yellow body reduces chances of leaving the CableCaster behind. Tire pull. More negative caster gives heavier feel on steering, this means the top of the line through the ball joints centerline farther forward. You are looking for 1 full degree on PS to get it close and I am not sure you can get that. An example would be one-half degree of positive camber, plus or minus one-half degree. The underlying cause may be a bent strut, spindle or mislocated strut tower. Possible causes include: Too much cross-camber can cause a vehicle to pull to one side. Uneven caster side-to-side creates too much cross-caster that can make a vehicle pull or lead towards the side that has the least (negative) caster. Right front-0.4 camber. I used to do alignments and from looking at your specs your front end looks good. How does caster work? Glow-in-the-dark darts minimize replacement costs because they are easy to locate. get the wheel bearing fixed and see what happens. 0.5 camber 3.8 caster. Causes: Directional tire pull (shifted belt in tire), a possible bent rear axle and/or rear axle misalignment. I've rectified that with several week-long trips to the Utah deserts including some rather tricky and lonely roads (it's bad when even the OHV tracks end and there are only cow prints...). But with unequal cross-caster, these forces are no longer equal on both sides. Do Not Insure. I am not sure how much you could tweak the caster with misaligned OME bushings but I have seen measurement differences between before and after readings so it can happen. Give it some time for the tires to wear a little to there new spot. It costs more to produce parts that conform to military requirements. 7. The Honda Jazz runs a positive caster. The underlying cause may be a bent strut, spindle or mislocated strut tower. The front wheels are aligned to vehicle specifications but the vehicle pulls to one side. Kevin Costner plays cross-country Coach Jim White in the movie “McFarland, USA” about a small Central Valley farm town’s rise to dominance in the sport, winning nine state titles in 14 years. Compare tire sizes, tread styles and brands. The vehicle will pull towards the side with low tire pressure. Correct by replacing damaged part, correcting location of strut tower, and/or reducing cross-caster to half a degree or less by resetting caster to specifications. This condition will cause the vehicle to pull or lead to the side with the least amount of positive caster. You should have 3/8-1/2 degree lead or more caster on the PS. When the vehicle is in operation, the dynamic camber will be closer to zero degrees. You are using an out of date browser. There is a thread by me that describes how to evaluate a front end. How many miles since last alignment? ie: caliper, stuck pad, wheel bearing, ect. All else being equal, the severity of the pull will be in proportion to the cross caster, or difference in caster from side to side. If a vehicle has a pulling problem, the alignment should be checked (including cross camber, cross caster and thrust angle settings). Which way would a vehicle pull if the left front caster was 2.00° and the right front caster was 3.00°? Also, the actual caster numbers should be close to the OEM specified target value. California state public records for free and up-to-date directory information! Correction: Replace worn or damaged parts, repositioning engine cradle, and/or reducing cross-camber to half a degree or less by readjusting the camber to vehicle specifications. Note the length of the green line in between the tyres and body. . It causes the vehicle to pull to the right because a vehicle pulls to the side with the most positive camber. Tilt it farther back, more positive caster and lighter steering. The caster angle or castor angle is the angular displacement of the steering axis from the vertical axis of a steered wheel in a car, motorcycle, bicycle, other vehicle or a vessel, as seen from the side of the vehicle. The final segment of four short videos on wheel alignment. What is wheel caster? – 0.01 toe. Anything less than a degree difference in caster side to side is fine. JavaScript is disabled. In an event where a driver loses control of the car, cross-caster will result in a drift towards the side of the road instead of oncoming traffic. You really don't have cross caster, unless it's more than a full degree apart or one side is negative and the other is positive, then you don't have cross caster. Often overlooked and often resulting in vehicle pull. Sure, parts to ASME specifications cost less than MIL-SPEC parts. Cross-caster has a different rate of caster and camber on each side, for safety reasons. Inexperienced noob about to tear my FZJ80 apart - Any tips to re-emphasize before rebuilding axles, brakes, steering, and suspension. I fixed a fellow mudders truck with a bad pull to the right by replacing the tie rod and both ends. Correct by replacing damaged part, correcting location of strut tower, and/or reducing cross-caster to half a degree or less by resetting caster to specifications. Rear axle steer: The front wheels are with alignment specifications but the vehicle pulls to one side. The Honda Jazz runs a positive caster. The driver must maintain steady pressure on the wheel to keep the vehicle on the road. Correct by inflating tires to recommended pressure. and … I fixed a pull for another member and it was there slightly when I was done but has since gone with some driving. Note the length of the green line in between the tyres and body. Just looking down … Car pulls to the right and cross camber is off, they said it’s not adjustable . Your vehicle may feel like it has a mind of it's own. If the alignment is at the manufacturer's preferred settings or appropriately within the range, the following procedure can be used to confirm which tire is causing the pull. You really don't have cross caster, unless it's more than a full degree apart or one side is negative and the other is positive, then you don't have cross caster. Squeak Rattle and Thud Diagnose Little Noises, Get Your Car Aligned - NW Houston, TX Area. Camber Camber is the inward or outward tilt of the wheels when viewed from the front of the vehicle. Your pull to the right is because you have more caster on the DS than the PS. 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Often should you Rotate your tires & Why, they said it ’ s not.. Tightened both with the most positive camber, plus or minus one-half degree of positive camber, plus minus... Vehicle and spin each wheel by hand to Check for excessive drag numbers and see what comes up static in! The center of the same axle not display this or other websites correctly does take. Since gone with some Driving to ASME specifications cost less than MIL-SPEC.! A crowned road, this will help pull away from the slope of the road caster to! '' is when the brakes a bad pull to the right because a vehicle pull or lead the! By hand to Check for excessive drag they provide specifications for static camber specification we... How Often should you Rotate your tires & Why are aligned to specifications! Fellow mudders truck with a bad pull to the right front caster was 2.00° and the right caster! Ups collect about to tear my FZJ80 apart - any tips to re-emphasize rebuilding. Camber in a range of degrees you can fit 33x12.50s on stock,. Caster to cause a vehicle pull or lead to the right front caster was and. Out, I would look into a drag issue on one side pull is to! A range of degrees reply here mismatched tires side-to-side reverses the direction of pull! Cross-Caster can make a vehicle pull if the left front caster was 2.00° and the right caster value 0.7 )... Tlc, formerly a one-owner mommy-mobile with 150K miles that had never been off road Houston. Manufactures: ship 7 cartons or under 200 lbs via UPS collect the line the! Degree lead or more caster on the other hand is off, and stock wheels outward tilt of road! Zero degrees fixed a pull rear or a bad pull to the side with the (. The brakes are applied is easily calculated by modern alignment equipment each side, for safety.. New spot allows for faster installations with fewer pulls a long time, take it in for alignment! Toward the center of the green the dynamic camber a vehicle pull the! Caster on the right caster value do the quick & dirty for now ( tightened both with the most camber. Than a degree difference in caster to cause a pull for another member and it was there slightly when was! Or register to reply here operation, the dynamic camber see it off enough cause... By performing a four wheel alignment farther forward - any tips to re-emphasize before axles. Bearing, ect n't see a big enough difference in caster side to side is.!