Dr. Kenneth H. Cooper of the U.S. Air Force is credited with creating the word aerobics, which he applied to the fitness program that he developed for U.S. astronauts during his service as director of the Aerospace Medical Laboratory in San Antonio, Texas. However, the earliest use of gestation is for an exercise recommended for the young, ill, and frail that consisted of walking little and being carried a lot, as on a horse or in a carriage, or rowed in a boat, so as to limit sweating and exhaustion. The poor condition of the existing roads, as well as the building of new ones, brought about the sense of roadwork for construction and maintenance. Oppositely, isotonic, (the -tonic is from Greek tonos, meaning "tension") refers to muscle contraction occurring in the absence of resistance. Cardio refers to cardiovascular fitness exercises. Exercise, sports, recreation, or hobbies that are not associated with activities as part of one's regular job duties, household, or transportation. Used to describe an easy exercise (i.e. Plyometrics involves increasing muscle power, especially in the legs, by the repeated rapid stretching and contracting of muscles, as by rocket-shipping vertically from a squatting position or explosively jumping over objects. Often exercises. A strategy used to define what you want to accomplish and motivate you to achieve a result. The accurate term for this group of conditions is musculoskeletal conditions, as they affect the muscles, bones and/or joints. The ability of the heart blood vessels, blood and respiratory systems to supply fuel, especially oxygen to the muscles and the ability of the muscles to utilize fuel to allow sustained exercise. The explosive jumps in plyometrics—which is sometimes called "jump training"—were made popular by the Soviet track-and-field team in the 1970s, who incorporated them in preparing for the Olympic Games. That sense appears in the 16th century, but the theory was carried into 19th-century medicine. One form of exercise proves to be most effective for long-term weight loss. Endurance exercises improve the health of your heart, lungs, and circulatory system. Check out words from the year you were born and more! a.when the bell rang b.than the bell rang c.the bell rang d.after the bell rang × Install our "Complete Handbook of English Grammar" Android App from Google Play. Exercise equipment must be checked to determine if it can bear the weight of people of all sizes and shapes. This includes aspects of the outward appearance (shape, structure, colour, pattern, size), i.e. better bone density. People wear clothes in them now. The etymology of the word isn't very useful in understanding the concept behind the exercise, but its formation may have been influenced by ply, meaning "to exert" or "to exercise," or plicate, which implies folding. — Alfred Schofield, The Leisure Hour, 1894. Aerobic activity, cardiorespiratory endurance and cardiovascular activity refer to the same type of exercise and include larger muscle activities such as: running, brisk walking, swimming laps. Traditionally, the sport encompasses calisthenics, tumbling, and floor exercises, as well as work on a variety of apparatuses, including the horizontal bars, (uneven) parallel bars, pommel horse, vaulting horse, rings, and balance beam. It's all about the after-burn. B) duration of an exercise session. Strength training or resistance training involves the performance of physical exercises which are designed to improve strength and endurance. In particular, you might be familiar with the "depth jump," which is used in extreme fitness and strengthening workouts and involves repeated vertical drops from a box or bench followed by an immediate rebound back up. David R Clark, Carl Langan-Evans and Robert M. Erskine. Although virtually any part of your body can be injured during sports or exercise, the term is usually reserved for injuries that involve the musculoskeletal system , which includes the muscles, bones, and associated tissues like cartilage. Anaerobic exercise — a higher intensity, higher power version of exercise — is different from aerobic exercise. Your health and fitness goals, as well as your current level of fitness, will determine your ideal exercise intensity. Obvious too often when a beautiful girl attempts to move. The name plyometrics is supposedly a combination of the Greek prefix plio-, meaning "more," and ­–metrics, which refers to the science of measuring and is influenced by isometrics. One form of exercise proves to be most effective for long-term weight loss. This term refers to a single complete movement when performing an exercise. The name originated as a military term, dating to the 1700s, that designates a day when troops are given exercises or maneuvers off base—or, to use the military jargon, in the field. The terms "aerobic fitness" and "cardio-respiratory fitness" mean the same thing. a traditional ceremony: graduation exercises. Exercise can help prevent excess weight gain or help maintain weight loss. "— James Joyce, ­Ulysses, 1922) and jogging may, indeed, create an inside shake-up. Exercise intensity refers to how hard your body is working during physical activity. The term aerobic exercise or aerobics is interchangeable with the term cardio. Description Range of motion exercise Range of motion exercise refers to activity aimed at improving movement of a specific joint. Including daily movement through planned activities and daily living activities. Power source refers to the individuals and institutions that exercise governing authority over a state and the means by which they obtain their power, while power structure refers to the system by which they are organized. Exercise controls weight. A strategy that enables you to effectively manage your time. Each one has different benefits. In William Shakespeare's time, breather implied something very different from the modern-day senses. Form; The technique employed by a participant during an exercise or move. People wear clothes in them now. — G. A. Roberts, The Bulletin of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture, vol. It Is Good for Your Muscles and Bones. A group of consecutive reps makes up a set (for example, three sets of 10 reps would be a … Or, walk briskly for 10 minutes at a … Aerobic literally means "with oxygen", and refers to the use of oxygen in muscles' energy-generating process. In the past, calisthenics was considered particularly suitable for the "physical education of girls. — Erasmus Darwin, ­Zoonomia, 1794, As among exercises walking, so among gestations riding on horseback is far preferable to all the others; for no small portion of muscular action is required in it, but so light and so varied, that it is not only tolerable but agreeable and very salutary, even to the very weak, and such as are utterly incapable of walking. Exercise means to put into effect the right to buy or sell the underlying financial instrument specified in an options contract. This sense of the word is also used in a tongue-in-cheek way to describe having fun at the expense of others, as in "The media had a field day with the scandal.". Exercises on Right Form of Verbs (Advance): Hardly had we reached the school _____. Exercise plays a vital role in building and maintaining strong … Learn a new word every day. Ability to repeatedly contract a muscle or muscle groups against resistance. Form is a term often applied to strength training. Her motion and her station are as one; / She shows a body rather than a life, / A stature than a breather. a putting into action, use, operation, or effect: the exercise of caution. Delivered to your inbox! Cardio is short for cardiorespiratory or cardiovascular exercise and refers to exercise that elevates the heart rate to pump oxygen and nutrient-carrying blood to the working muscles. Today, gymnastics refers to a sport in which individuals perform amazing acrobatic feats that demonstrate strength, balance, and body control. The name given to the exercise area was gymnasion, literally "school for naked exercise," ultimately deriving from the adjective gymnos, "naked." In the U.S. Navy, it is also a day devoted to thoroughly cleaning the barracks and ships. Which term refers to the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort? Intensity refers to how hard the body is working. — William Shakespeare, Measure for Measure, 1604. Specific use of the term roadwork goes back to the 18th century, when it was used to contrast work, as hauling a cart, done by a horse or ox on a road from work on the farm ("farm work"), such as plowing. Kaizen is a concept referring to business activities that continuously improve all functions and involve all employees from the CEO to the assembly line workers. The physiological sense of isometric, relating to muscular action, originated during the late 19th century, and it describes muscle contraction that takes place against resistance. Definition: fitness refers to the degree of body functioning and the ability of the body to handle physical demands. The term aerobic means "with oxygen". Calisthenics dates back to the early 19th century. The purpose of such exercises is to improve the body's capacity to take in and use oxygen efficiently and develop endurance. Isometric exercise, also called isometrics, entails the muscles straining against an unmoving resistance, as when holding your body midpoint during a push-up. This can be broken down into 30 minutes of walking 5 days a week. In its younger Old-English days, road was rād and referred to the act of riding on horseback or a journey by horse. Third, guard against giving a horse, not accustomed to ­road work, too much of a journey, for the concussion on the road may cause founder (or laminitis). True* False 3. It wasn't until the 19th century that field day began being used generally for any day marked by outdoor activities taking place in a field, such as hunting and scientific fieldwork, as well as days devoted to athletic competitions at schools. A selection of words from the chillier parts of the lexicon. For example, if you’re functionally fit, you can carry a bag of groceries without strain, bend down to pick up laundry from the floor without pulling a muscle, lift a child without injuring your back or even perform regular exercise. That these are not synonymous is, alas! The acronym FITT outlines the key components of an effective exercise program, and the initials F, I, T, T, stand for: Frequency, Intensity, Time and Type. A subset of physical activity that is planned with a goal of improving or maintaining fitness. Armed rioters storm Capitol building, sedition ‘Good form’ is when the exercise is performed using proper technique, and ‘bad form’ is when an exercise is performed poorly. — Cassel's Household Guide, 1877, It is that calisthenics increase grace and beauty. Cardiovascular Endurance. Allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate and the body to recover from the exercise. Cross-Training What does a general strength training program include? — William Shakespeare, King Henry VIII, 1612-13. Go take a breather. ", … the object of calisthenic exercises being to secure physical beauty by developing the limbs and muscles of the human frame, and make the joints flexible, thereby giving strength and power, and ensuring a graceful carriage, erect bearing, and freedom to the figure. ... (in the form of exercise) on the body causes adaptations that improve fitness. David R Clark, Carl Langan-Evans and Robert M. Erskine. Most people tend to focus on one type of exercise or activity and think they’re doing enough. Gardening is an enjoyable form of exercise, but you need to take care... Getting active - tucker talk tips. It may also refer to two moves being … impeach Hydration Isometric first appears in English in the mid-19th century as a combination of the Greek prefix iso-, meaning "equal," and metron, "measure." Strength training or resistance training involves the performance of physical exercises which are designed to improve strength and endurance. external morphology (or eidonomy), as well as the form and structure of the internal parts like bones and organs, i.e. Individuals must be instructed in the proper use of exercise equipment in order to prevent injury. Kaizen also applies to processes, such as purchasing and logistics, that cross organizational boundaries into the supply chain. Stretching helps maintain flexibility. If you plan on joining the millions of joggers around the world as a form of exercise, don’t forget to warm-up and wear proper sneakers, and try to go at a steady pace in order to limit the amount of jostling your insides might experience—jog, as well as shog, can refer to shaking ("They waited still, their knees jogging…. overload--- --- consumption, or VO2max, is the body's maximum ability to transport and use oxygen. It wasn't very radical at the time, though: the Bard also took a road, since ride didn't come about until the 18th century: At last, with easy roads, he came to Leicester, / Lodg'd in the abbey; where the reverend abbot, / With all his covent, honourably receiv'd him. Trump loyalists fight election certification, Words From 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around, Set your young readers up for lifelong success, Galaxy Brain: Words for Thought and Thinking, Study Up With Our Official SCRABBLE Dictionary. The word then gained its familiar sense indicating a breather's need to take a break to regain one’s breath after undergoing, you guessed it, a breather. It's all about the after-burn. At the time, roads were often impassable for wheeled carts and carriages and hauling took a toll on the bodies of the animals. 1 set of 8-12 repetitions of 8 to 10 exercises Which guideline should you keep in mind when working with children?Ensure Proper Hydration And Clothing. A level of exercise in which a person should experience a large increase in breathing or heart rate. what term refers to the ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity Cardiorespiratory endurance which of the following refers to the physical capabilities that contribute to health including cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition A level of exercise in which a person should experience an increase in breathing or heart rate. walking, jogging or stretching) that will allow the body to gradually transition from an exercising or working state to a resting or near resting state. However, field days aren't always fun and games. Research has shown that it’s important to get all four types of exercise: endurance, strength, balance, and flexibility. Creating an exercise log and writing down your exercise routine. Term: 1.Define Fitness. Exercise equipment must be checked to determine if it can bear the weight of people of all sizes and shapes. a religious observance or service. Traditionally, the sport encompasses calisthenics, tumbling, and floor exercises, as well as work on a variety of apparatuses, including the horizontal bars, (uneven) parallel bars, pommel horse, vaulting horse, rings, and balance beam. Usually reported as days of the week. Aerobic activity, cardiorespiratory endurance and cardiovascular activity refer to the same type of exercise and include larger muscle activities such as: running, brisk walking, swimming laps. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Movements done before exercise that increase your heart rate and breathing, and slightly increase the temperature of your body. Steady-state cardio refers to exercise where you aim to keep a set pace at a moderate intensity, like a long run or bike ride. Trump loyalists fight election certification. A broad term describing the healthful levels of the physical components of well being that enables a person to function at optimal levels and is specific to the activities performed. Early use of isometric refers to a method of using perspective in drawing to give the illusion of depth, such as a cube in which the three principal planes have equal angles. Describe the benefits of fitness and exercise. Exercise, the training of the body to improve its function and enhance its fitness.. Greek gymnasion became the Latin gymnasium, which was used in two distinct senses to mean both "an exercise ground" and "a public school," and was borrowed into English at the end of the 16th century. In such an exercise, the muscles are subjected to stress while moving. Today's familiar sense of road for an open way for travel is first recorded in the late 1500s. The 19th century was a time when other forms of exercise were still generally regarded as too strenuous for women. Exercise involves physical activity, exerting the body with movement, and increasing the heart rate. Maintaining good form lowers the risk of injury, whereas bad form increases it. Living in a warm climate and not wanting to be encumbered in their activities, the Greeks would typically do their exercising in the nude. slows down aging, lose fat gain muscle Term: 2.Describe the components of fitness. Most often used for exercise performed on equipment like treadmills, elliptical runners or stationary bikes, it is important to know that ANY exercise that elevates the heart rate can provide cardiorespiratory benefits. Today, calisthenics produces strength, endurance, flexibility, and coordination—regardless of gender—and augments the body’s general well-being by placing controllable, regular demands upon the cardiovascular system. A consequence of a behavior that encourages you to do the behavior again. The writer has known what it is to sit at a window before which passed a moving panorama of beauty and fashion, and while the loveliness of face was often indisputable, the gait was enough to make a mortal shudder or an angel weep. The name given to the exercise area was gymnasion, literally "school for naked exercise," ultimately deriving from the adjective gymnos, "naked." More than likely, it is the excitement at athletic field days that eventually led to the term being used for occasions marked by uninhibited fun, as in "When the teacher left the room, the students had a field day." Both terms refer to brisk physical activity that requires the heart and lungs to work harder to meet the body's increased oxygen demand. We often overlook that in youth, when our muscles … True* False 5. Aerobic exercise includes any type of exercise, typically those performed at … Description Range of motion exercise Range of motion exercise refers to activity aimed at improving movement of a specific joint. A compound exercise is a move that incorporates multiple muscle groups, like lunges, deadlifts, and squats. Exercise intensity refers to how much energy is expended when exercising.Perceived intensity varies with each person. It was created by Soviet coach Yuri Verkhoshansky in the mid-1900s. The book was inspired by a trip Bowerman made to New Zealand, where he met an Olympic track coach, Arthur Lydiard, who was promoting jogging as a conditioning activity for retired Olympic runners. Refers to the maximal tension or force produced by a muscle or muscle groups. In place of classroom drudgery, the day is spent playing games and eating ice cream with friends. Today, gymnastics refers to a sport in which individuals perform amazing acrobatic feats that demonstrate strength, balance, and body control. The term "mode of exercise" describes the askedSep 16, 2016in Health & Biomechanicsby WhiteSea A) specific type of exercise performed. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? It is often associated with the use of weights but can take a variety of different forms.. It derives from the combination of two Greek words, kalos, meaning "beautiful," plus sthenos, meaning "strength." A field day is an occasion of particular excitement for schoolchildren. Gestation is from Latin gestatus, which is the past participle of gestare, meaning "to bear." 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