Now what? The Warsaw Uprising ends on October 2, 1944, with the surrender of the surviving Polish rebels to German forces. The historic ceremony will make … Russian peasants in the path of Hitler’s army employ a “scorched-earth” policy. It'll be a historic event when the first Black, South Asian and female vice president takes her oath from the first Latina justice, using Thurgood Marshall's Bible. Why the Supreme Court has only nine justices. Although Marshall joined the Supreme Court as part of a liberal majority under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Court had changed by the time he had gained the seniority to write significant opinions. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Unauthorized use is prohibited. This single number could reshape our climate future. In the process, he traveled between 50,000 and 75,000 miles a year, crisscrossing the nation to oversee as many as 450 cases at a time. State graduate and professional schools were the starting point as it was easier to demonstrate there were no comparable alternatives for Black students to receive the specialized education they offered. Marshall was a lawyer, civil rights activist, and the first Black Supreme Court justice. Civil Rights,” Marshall was one of the architects of the civil rights movement—a passionately progressive attorney who helped end school segregation. The tour’s intense schedule–8,000 miles in 22 days–cost Wilson his health. Marshall died in 1993 at age 84. The second bible belonged to the late civil rights icon and Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, someone who inspired Harris' career path. On this day in 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn into the United States Supreme Court, making him the first African American to hold one of the prestigious seats. After being rejected from the University of Maryland Law School on account of his race, he was accepted at all-Black Howard University in Washington, D.C. At Howard, he studied under the tutelage of civil liberties lawyer Charles H. Houston and in 1933 graduated first in his class. This vibrant sanctuary underscores the stakes. “But it cannot build bridges. In Murray v. Pearson, Marshall attacked the longstanding doctrine established in the Supreme Court’s 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling, which allowed states to exclude people from public facilities because of their race, provided they had access to a “separate but equal” facility. Thurgood Marshall sworn in as first Black Supreme Court justice Chief Justice Earl Warren swears in Thurgood Marshall , the first Black justice of the U.S. Supreme Court . Bush all appointed justices with conservative legal views, and Marshall became known for his eloquent dissents, which criticized his colleagues’ failures to fully address racial and other injustices and pointed out the real-world ramifications of their opinions. She and Sotomayor share experience as prosecutors, and she once called Marshall — like Harris, a graduate of Howard University — one of her “greatest heroes.”. The organization’s legal goal, developed by Houston and his growing team of civil rights lawyers, was to undermine segregation by making it onerous and unaffordable for states. Since he paved the way, there has been at least one person of color on the Supreme Court—although only three Supreme Court justices in history—Marshall, Thomas, and Sonia Sotomayor—have been non-white. During his 24 years on the high court, Associate Justice Marshall consistently challenged discrimination based on race or sex, opposed the death penalty and vehemently defended affirmative action. (Here's why filling a Supreme Court vacancy in an election year is so complicated. From ‘Herbie the Love Bug’ to punch buggy, the Beetle remains iconic in Mexico, ‘It really is like flying.’ Explore wild skating on nature’s ice, The legendary community that fought for its freedom in Jamaica, Why this salty Massachusetts coastal town hooks artists, Families are leading a new wave for Black travelers, Winter is prime time for watching bald eagles—here’s how, As Lunar New Year approaches, many Asians worry about future journeys, Want dreamy winter photos? In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson appointed Marshall to be solicitor general of the United States. On July 2, 2020, Harris posted a video on Twitter where she said that. How ancient astronomy mixed science with mythology, Video Story, Why mapping Mars completely changed how we see it, Video Story, How these feuding map-makers shaped our fascination with Mars, Video Story, Copyright © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, Copyright © 2015-2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. What's next for these transgender asylum seekers stranded in Mexico? She was among the plaintiffs in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case—led by Thurgood Marshall—in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled segregated schools to be unconstitutional. Linda Brown was in the third grade when she was denied admission to a white-only school in Topeka, Kansas. "Some of my greatest heroes were lawyers: Thurgood Marshall, Charles Hamilton Houston, Constance Baker Motley—giants of the civil rights movement. In 1936, he joined the legal division of the NAACP, of which Houston was director, and two years later succeeded his mentor in the organization’s top legal post. But can we make room for them? Then, in 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson named Marshall the first Black solicitor general, designated to represent the federal government in Supreme Court cases. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris has announced that she will be sworn in by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor, the country’s first Latina Justice, and will use two Bibles from people who helped shape her life: Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall and her childhood mentor Regina Shelton, according to ABC News.. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. Thurgood Marshall poses in his New York residence on September 11, 1962, after the Senate confirmation of his nomination to the U.S. Court of Appeals. BY ARIS FOLLEY - 01/16/21 03:18 PM EST Vice President-elect Kamala Harris will be sworn into office by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor on a bible that once belonged to first the African American to serve on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, a source familiar with the plans told The Hill. 3-ton parts of Stonehenge may have been carried from earlier monuments, How ancient astronomy mixed science with mythology, This ivory relic reveals the colonial power dynamic between Benin and Portugal. Harris has credited both justices as inspirations for her career. On June 13, 1967, Johnson nominated Marshall to fill the seat of retiring Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark. He suffered constant headaches during the ...read more, On October 2, 1835, the growing tensions between Mexico and Texas erupt into violence when Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, sparking the Texan war for independence. During his 24-year tenure on the Supreme Court, Marshall participated in more than 3,600 cases; he dissented in more than one in four—including more than 150 dissents to the court’s refusal to hear death penalty appeals. Text messages capture heartbreaking goodbyes of COVID-19 victims, How do we know what ancient Greek warriors wore for battle? All rights reserved. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris will be sworn into office by Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor on a bible that once belonged to first the African American to serve on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, a source familiar with th In 1936 Marshall went to work for the NAACP full-time. He was survived by his second wife and their two sons. ) as one of the island capital punishment, helping strike down the death penalty in Furman v. in. Rights activist, and special offers from National Geographic Partners, LLC million! Rejected by the University of Maryland law school because of declining health died! 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